Peter was born on June 9 (May 30, old style), 1672. He was the 14th child of Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich, nicknamed the Quietest, and his second wife, Tsarina Natalya Naryshkina.

In 1682, Peter, together with his brother Ivan, was crowned king and was named the second king. But already in 1689, young Peter left the custody of his sister Sophia and became the full ruler of Russia.

Thanks to the vigorous activity of Peter I, the city of St. Petersburg appears in the Neva Delta, at the moment it is a large metropolis. By order of the tsar, the Red Mansions were built on the right bank of the Neva, now this building is called the House of Peter I. On the left bank, in 1704, the Summer Garden was laid out, and in 1711 the stone Summer Palace was laid. He treated these undertakings very reverently and spared no funds for maintenance and preservation.