– these are intricate passages that appeared in the gardens of the Renaissance, widespread in Russian parks of the 18th-19th centuries. In parks, labyrinths are usually arranged from tall sheared hedges (using hornbeam, linden, laurel). Until the 18th century. the labyrinths had a symbolic religious meaning (difficulties on the way of the pilgrim), later acquired educational or entertainment values (for example, the labyrinths of the Summer Garden with sculptures on the themes of Aesop’s fables, arranged under Peter I).
“By this name is called a part of the garden, consisting of a gulbah, filled with many crooked, twisted and entangled roads. These festivities are usually done with the thought that the walker could not reach the middle without great difficulty, and having reached it, it would be impossible to get out soon without being entangled several times in various moves …
Labyrinths are made of two genera: the same one is planted in one row with thorns or some other frequent shrubs … Or double, which is planted in rows in two or three different trees, in the middle of which it is planted entirely with shrubs. “
The labyrinth in the Summer Garden was not restored during the restoration.