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A pedestrian or transport road in a park, planted on both sides by trees, shrubs or groups of them equally spaced from each other in a certain rhythm, is called an alley. This definition of this term was given by Vladimir Sergeevich Teodoronsky and Inna Oskarovna Bogovaya in their book “Objects of Landscape Architecture”.
Nikolai Petrovich Osipov, in his book “The New and Perfect Russian Gardener”, published in 1793, provided a more expanded concept of the term “alley”. Quote:
“First of all, in the arrangement of the alleys, only the order was observed so that they were planted with a long and straight line and in two rows with trees, arranging them so that one tree was directly opposite the other. But in the end, they noticed that such a situation is very far from the natural, and the garden, which has nothing in it except straight alleys, looks uniform and not very pleasant; then, to correct this deficiency, they stopped making the alleys continuous in the newest gardens, and began to cross them with platforms, shrubs and other decorations … Regularity and symmetry can most of all be interrupted by the fact when a straight line sometimes interferes with a bend. Moreover, the same intention can be helped by the difference of trees, in reasoning their distance, height, growth and leaves, and therefore trees can be ind closer to each other, and ind farther, in one place higher, and in another lower, ind mixed with small and weak shrubs, and ind be shy in heaps, connect their tops and make up of them like a vault or a covered road under him; in another place to have an open top and be bright, finally, in places to have nooks and corners, and in places to stretch out in a straight and beautiful line. “
The full text can be found in the attached photos.
Enjoy your walks in the gardens of the Russian Museum.
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