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THE REGULAR GARDEN IS …
Regular gardens have a geometrically correct layout, usually with a pronounced symmetry of the composition. The gardens are characterized by straight alleys, which are the axes of symmetry. Regular gardens contain flower beds, graceful parterres, regular shaped pools, and fountains. Trees and shrubs were usually trimmed to give them a variety of geometric shapes.
The Summer Garden is the first regular garden in St. Petersburg, but it does not quite meet this definition. Because Peter I applied the royal hand to its planning. The layout of the garden turned out to be not entirely symmetrical, the palace is not on the central axis, and the alleys are not parallel to each other. The main thing is that Peter I liked his paradise.
In the middle of the 18th century, a whole ensemble of regular gardens was formed in the center of St. Petersburg. On the city plan of 1753, you can see the First, Second (modern Summer Garden) and Third (Mikhailovsky Garden) Summer Gardens, Promenade Garden (Field of Mars) and Labyrinth Garden (Engineering Square).
Until the 60s of the XX century, the techniques used in the planning of regular gardens were very popular in the practice of the Soviet school of landscape architecture. For example, when building a park on the Square of the Victims of the Revolution in the 1920s, the architect Ivan Fomin used a regular layout.
Enjoy your walks in the gardens of the Russian Museum, during which you can search the gardens for the receptions of the regular gardens.
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