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SHPALERA – from the Italian word spalliera, which means shoulder, support.
Originally, trellis plantings were used in the production of grapes. The vine was stretched over wooden supports, which made it possible to get more grapes in a small area. It turned out the ranks of the vine, so the word tapestry has another meaning – the ranks of the military on the sides of the road, accompanying someone.
Then the trellis planting was used to grow fruit plants in the inner gardens of the monasteries. Apples and pears with such a planting did not take up much space, but they gave a good harvest.
Then the principle of trellis planting along the alleys was used in regular gardens. To give the plantings a clearer geometry, the plants were regularly trimmed. To preserve the trees, a trellis lattice was installed next to the planted plants. This construction also protected the contents of the bosquet. And there they usually grew fruit or vegetable crops.
In the Summer Garden until the middle of the 19th century, trellis plantings were preserved along the alleys. And the picket fence protecting the lawns from the paths was removed only at the beginning of the 20th century.
During the restoration of the Summer Garden, the trellises along the alleys were recreated. And this allows you to immerse yourself in the atmosphere of the 18th century Summer Garden.
Enjoy your walks in the gardens of the Russian Museum.
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